The Song-and-Dance Retinue that is ‘Red Symphony’
I don't know if anybody is noticing...but, the "BS" is in your face.
Scroll down slow and think about what you are seeing...
1. May 1st - Illuminati Founded
2. May 1st - 'State Holiday' For All Communists
5. May 1st - Obama Kills bin Laden Again
Translated by George Knupffer
wittingly or unwittingly, contributing.
Occupy Wall Street: A Comment Never Made… Until Now
1. Misery: famine, disease, and war.
Malthus's predictions were not borne out in eighteenth-century Britain, perhaps because of the agricultural revolution, with its associated increases in output, and with the opening up of the New World, which provided an outlet for excess population in the form of emigration and agricultural production. Other theorists pointed out that the capacity of a population to feed itself depended on the prevailing economic system; Marx, for example, believed that capitalism, rather than excess population, was responsible for low living standards.
(A Hollywood film review)
On 2 June 1793, Paris sections – encouraged by the enragés Jacques Roux and Jacques Hébert – took over the Convention, calling for administrative and political purges, a low fixed price for bread, and a limitation of the electoral franchise to sans-culottes alone. With the backing of the National Guard, they persuaded the Convention to arrest 31 Girondist leaders, including Jacques Pierre Brissot. Following these arrests, the Jacobins gained control of the Committee of Public Safety on 10 June, installing the revolutionary dictatorship. On 13 July the assassination of Jean-Paul Marat – a Jacobin leader and journalist known for his bloodthirsty rhetoric – by Charlotte Corday, a Girondist, resulted in a further increase in Jacobin political influence.
The repression brought thousands of suspects before the Paris Revolutionary Tribunal, whose work was expedited by the Law of 22 Prairial (10 June 1794). As a result of Robespierre's insistence on associating Terror with Virtue, his efforts to make the republic a morally united patriotic community became equated with the endless bloodshed. Finally, after 26 June's decisive military victory over Austria at the Battle of Fleurus, Robespierre was overthrown by a conspiracy of certain members of the Convention on 9 Thermidor (27 July).
Robespierre famously elaborated this conception in his speech on December 2nd, 1792:
"What is the first goal of society? To maintain the imprescribable rights of man. What is the first of these rights? The right to exist."
Casuistry is a method of case reasoning especially useful in treating cases that involve moral dilemmas. It is also a branch of applied ethics. Casuistry is the basis of case law in common law, and the standard form of reasoning applied in common law.
Casuistry takes a relentlessly practical approach to morality. Rather than using theories as starting points, casuistry begins with an examination of cases. By drawing parallels between paradigms, so-called "pure cases", and the case at hand, a casuist tries to determine a moral response appropriate to a particular case.
1. Autonomy--free-will or agency,
Advocates for principlism argue that from the beginning of recorded history most moral decision-makers descriptively and prescriptively have used these four moral principles; that they are part of or compatible with most intellectual, religious, and cultural beliefs.
Hardin's Commons Theory is frequently cited to support the notion of sustainable development, meshing economic growth and environmental protection, and has had an effect on numerous current issues, including the debate over global warming. An asserted impending "tragedy of the commons" is frequently warned of as a consequence for adopting policies which restrict private property and espouse expansion of public property.
Central to Hardin's article is an example (first sketched in an 1833 pamphlet by William Forster Lloyd) of a hypothetical and simplified situation based on medieval land tenure in Europe, of herders sharing a common parcel of land, on which they are each entitled to let their cows graze. In Hardin's example, it is in each herder's interest to put the next (and succeeding) cows he acquires onto the land, even if the quality of the common is damaged for all as a result, through overgrazing. The herder receives all of the benefits from an additional cow, while the damage to the common is shared by the entire group. If all herders make this individually rational economic decision, the common will be depleted or even destroyed, to the detriment of all.
A similar dilemma of the commons had previously been discussed by agrarian reformers since the 18th century. Hardin's predecessors used the alleged tragedy, as well as a variety of examples from the Greek Classics, to justify the enclosure movement. German historian Joachim Radkau sees Garrett Hardin's writings as having a different aim in that Hardin asks for a strict management of common goods via increased government involvement or/and international regulation bodies.
Hardin's work has been criticised on the grounds of historical inaccuracy, and for failing to distinguish between common property and open access resources. Subsequent work by Elinor Ostrom and others suggests that using Hardin's work to argue for privatization of resources is an "overstatement" of the case. Nonetheless, Ostrom recognizes that there are real problems, and even limited situations where the tragedy of the commons applies to real-world resource management.
As Hardin acknowledged there was a fundamental mistake in the use of the term “commons." This was already noted in 1975 by Ciriacy-Wantrup & Bishop (1975: 714) who wrote that we "are not free to use the concept 'common property resources' or 'commons' under conditions where no institutional arrangements exist. Common property is not 'everybody's property' (...). To describe unowned resource (res nullius) as common property (res communis), as many economists have done for years (...) is a self-contradiction." Neglecting the difference between common property and open access resources is a major reason of confusion in the debate that followed the 1968 Hardin's article.
How the 'seed' of an idea
By Edward E. Wilson & Wes Unruh
[German Ökologie: Greek oikos, house + German -logie, study (from Greek -logiā, -logy).]
Economy is the study of ergonomics and efficiencies related to the management of the physical (material) resources one employs to maintain and produce wealth, health (wellness) and a general feeling of well-being within one’s own household [sphere of influence]. Examines the relationships between the delineation [or hierarchical, utilitarian allocation of] needs/desires as they contribute toward well-being… and the actions (those things, in turn, related to energy) relative to obtaining efficient access to the resources necessary to human survival… and which contribute to the security and general well-being of all concerned within that household [or sphere of influence]. Here “well-being” is pointedly not “welfare” in the socialist sense; and “economy” supplants the [collectivist, statist] term, “economics”, altogether. ~Lark
The Year 2000: The Trajectory of an Idea
Does Faulty Grammar Signify Decadence?
Sheep don't need to write. They just need to bleat.