Raised fist, stenciled protest symbol of Autonome at the Ernst-Kirchweger-Haus in Vienna, Austria
Autonomism or Autonomous Marxism, refers to a set of left-wing political and social movements and theories identified with the socialist movement. As a theoretical system it first emerged in Italy in the 1960s from workerist (operaismo) communism. Later, post-Marxist and anarchist tendencies became significant after influence from the Situationists, the failure of Italian far-left movements in the 1970s, and the emergence of a number of important theorists including Antonio Negri, who had contributed to the 1969 founding of Potere Operaio, Mario Tronti, Paolo Virno, etc.
Strongly influenced by the German Frankfurt School socialists, it likewise influenced the Dutch Autonomen, the worldwide social centre movement, and today is influential in Italy, France, and to a lesser extent the English-speaking countries. Consequently, those who describe themselves as autonomists refers to adherents of contemporary Marxian thought, including post-structuralists, as well as many contemporary anarchists, sometimes referred to as libertarian or anarcho-Marxists.
The term autonomia/Autonome was first used in 1620, having been composed out of two Greek words, "auto–nomos", referring to someone or something which lives by his/her own rule.
Autonomy, in this sense, is not independence. While independence refers to an autarcic kind of life, separated from the community, autonomy refers to life in society but by one's own rule. Though the notion of autonomism was alien to the ancient Greeks, whose society was not an all-inclusive one, the concept is indirectly endorsed by Aristotle, who stated that only beasts or gods could be independent and live apart from the polis ("community"), while Kant defined the Enlightenment by autonomy of thought and the famous "Sapere aude" ("dare to know").
The Marxist Autonomist theory
Unlike other forms of Marxism, autonomist Marxism emphasises the ability of the working class to force changes to the organization of the capitalist system independent of the state, trade unions or political parties. Autonomists are less concerned with party political organization than are other Marxists, focusing instead on self-organized action outside of traditional organizational structures. Autonomist Marxism is thus a "bottom-up" theory: it draws attention to activities that autonomists see as everyday working-class resistance to capitalism, for example absenteeism, slow working, and socialization in the workplace.
Like other Marxists, autonomists see class struggle as being of central importance. However, autonomists have a broader definition of the working class than do other Marxists: as well as wage-earning workers (both white collar and blue collar), autonomists also include in this category the unwaged (students, the unemployed, homemakers, etc.), who are traditionally deprived of any form of union representation.
Early theorists (such as Mario Tronti, Antonio Negri, Sergio Bologna, and Paolo Virno) developed notions of "immaterial" and "social labour" that extended the Marxist concept of labour to all society. They suggested that modern society's wealth was produced by unaccountable collective work, and that only a little of this was redistributed to the workers in the form of wages. Other Italian autonomists—particularly feminists, such as Mariarosa Dalla Costa and Silvia Federici—emphasised the importance of feminism and the value of unpaid female labour to capitalist society.
Noam Chomsky, a noted libertarian socialist
Libertarian socialism (sometimes called social anarchism, and sometimes left libertarianism) is a group of political philosophies that promote a non-hierarchical, non-bureaucratic society without private property in the means of production. Libertarian socialists believe in converting present-day private productive property into the commons or public goods, while retaining respect for personal property. Libertarian socialism is opposed to coercive forms of social organization. It promotes free association in place of government and opposes the social relations of capitalism, such as wage labor.The term libertarian socialism is used by some socialists to differentiate their philosophy from state socialism or by some as a synonym for left anarchism.
Adherents of libertarian socialism assert that a society based on freedom and equality can be achieved through abolishing authoritarian institutions that control certain means of production and subordinate the majority to an owning class or political and economic elite.Libertarian socialism also constitutes a tendency of thought that promotes the
identification, criticism, and practical dismantling of illegitimate authority in all aspects of life.
Accordingly, libertarian socialists believe that "the exercise of power in any institutionalized form—whether economic, political, religious, or sexual—brutalizes both the wielder of power and the one over whom it is exercised". Libertarian socialists generally place their hopes in decentralized means of direct democracy such as libertarian municipalism, citizens' assemblies, trade unions, and workers' councils.
Political philosophies commonly described as libertarian socialist include most varieties of anarchism (especially anarchist communism, anarchist collectivism, anarcho-syndicalism, mutualism) as well as autonomism, communalism, participism, libertarian Marxist philosophies such as council communism and Luxemburgism, and some versions of "utopian socialism" and individualist anarchism.
Libertarian socialism is a western philosophy with diverse interpretations, though some general commonalities can be found in its many incarnations. Its proponents generally advocate a worker-oriented system of production and organization in the workplace that in some aspects radically departs from neoclassical economics in favor of democratic cooperatives or common ownership of the means of production (socialism). They propose that this economic system be executed in a manner that attempts to maximize the liberty of individuals and minimize concentration of power or authority (libertarianism).
Libertarian socialists are strongly critical of coercive institutions, which often leads them to reject the legitimacy of the state in favor of anarchism. Adherents propose achieving this through decentralization of political and economic power, usually involving the socialization of most large-scale private property and enterprise (while retaining respect for personal property). Libertarian socialism tends to deny the legitimacy of most forms of economically significant private property, viewing capitalist property relations as forms of domination that are antagonistic to individual freedom.
The first anarchist journal to use the term "libertarian" was La Libertaire, Journal du Mouvement Social and it was published in New York City between 1858 and 1861 by French anarcho-communist Joseph Déjacque. "The next recorded use of the term was in Europe, when "libertarian communism" was used at a French regional anarchist Congress at Le Havre (16–22 November 1880). January the following year saw a French manifesto issued on "Libertarian or Anarchist Communism." Finally, 1895 saw leading anarchists Sébastien Faure and Louise Michel publish La Libertaire in France." The word stems from the French word libertaire, and was used to evade the French ban on anarchist publications. In this tradition, the term "libertarianism" in "libertarian socialism" is generally used as a synonym for anarchism, which some say is the original meaning of the term; hence "libertarian socialism" is equivalent to "socialist anarchism" to these scholars. In the context of the European socialist movement, libertarian has conventionally been used to describe those who opposed state socialism, such as Mikhail Bakunin.
The association of socialism with libertarianism predates that of capitalism, and many anti-authoritarians still decry what they see as a mistaken association of capitalism with libertarianism in the United States. As Noam Chomsky put it, a consistent libertarian "must oppose private ownership of the means of production and wage slavery, which is a component of this system, as incompatible with the principle that labor must be freely undertaken and under the control of the producer."
In a chapter recounting the history of libertarian socialism, economist Robin Hahnel relates that thus far the period where libertarian socialism has had its greatest impact was at the end of the 19th century through the first four decades of the twentieth century.
Early in the twentieth century, libertarian socialism was as powerful a force as social democracy and communism. The Libertarian International– founded at the Congress of Saint Imier a few days after the split between Marxist and libertarians at the congress of the Socialist International held in The Hague in 1872– competed successfully against social democrats and communists alike for the loyalty of anticapitalist activists, revolutionaries, workers, unions and political parties for over fifty years. Libertarian socialists played a major role in the Russian revolutions of 1905 and 1917. Libertarian socialists played a dominant role in the Mexican Revolution of 1911. Twenty years after World War I was over, libertarian socialists were still strong enough to spearhead the social revolution that swept across Republican Spain in 1936 and 1937.On the other hand a libertarian trend also developed within marxism which gained visibility around the late 1910s mainly in reaction against Bolshevism and Leninism rising to power and establishing the Soviet Union. Contemporary libertarian Marxist Harry Cleaver describes the situation as follows:
Outside and against this process of turning of Marxism into an ideology of domination, however, were various revolutionary tendencies which still drew on Marx's work to inform their struggles and which rejected both social- democratic and Marxist-Leninist versions of his theory. The most interesting of these, those that are relevant to my current purpose, have been those which insisted on the primacy of the self-activity and creativity of people in struggle against capitalism. Within the space of these tendencies there has developed a coherent critique of "orthodox Marxism" that includes not only a rejection of the concept of "the transition" but a reconceptualization of the process of transcending capitalism that has remarkable similarities to (Peter) Kropotkin's thinking on this subject...Thus one of the earliest political tendencies within which this approach appeared after the Russian revolution of 1917 was that of "Council Communism" which saw the "workers councils" in Germany (see Bavarian Soviet Republic), or the soviets in Russia, as new organizational forms constructed by the people. As with the anarchists, they too saw the Bolshevik take-over of the soviets (like that of the trade unions) as subverting the revolution and beginning the restoration of domination and exploitation...Over the years this emphasis on working class autonomy has resulted in a reinterpretation of Marxist theory that has brought out the two-sided character of the class struggle and shifted the focus from capital (the preoccupation of orthodox Marxism) to the workers...As a result, not only has there been a recognition that capitalism seeks to subordinate everyone's life (from the traditional factory proletariat to peasants, housewives and students) but that all those peoples' struggles involve both the resistance to this subordination and the effort to construct alternative ways of being.
The chimera of equality has been a mainstay of socialist visionaries. Libertarians have understood that people have different talents and interests. [...] We cannot have a complex economy, in which people can develop their unique talents, without finding that people will achieve unequal results.—Ludwig von Mises
The doctrine of natural law that inspired the eighteenth century declarations of the rights of man did not imply the obviously fallacious proposition that all men are born biologically equal. It proclaimed that all men are born with equal rights and that this equality cannot be abrogated by any man-made law, that it is unalienable or, more precisely, imprescriptible. Only the deadly foes of individual liberty and self-determination, the champions of totalitarianism, interpreted the principle of equality before the law as derived from an alleged psychical and physiological equality of all men.—Ludwig von Mises
What Shepherds Need to Know about the Biblical Meaning of "Rod"
We are under constant psychological attack from an unseen occult enemy. Society already bears the shackles of "political correctness," a Communist Party concept.
Certainly, this is not the picture presented by the mass media. The Illuminati use the mass media to deceive and degrade us.
The Illuminati are the Cabalist Jewish central bankers and their vast network of Freemasons who control business cartels, governments, intelligence agencies, churches, think tanks.. virtually everything of importance.
They are using debt to enslave the human race under a Satanic dispensation. Look at the Olympics occult symbolism if you doubt this. (More here.)
The Illuminati are responsible for Communism, (the State is a surrogate that allows the bankers to own everything.) Communism belongs to the same satanic cult.
In the West, Communist objectives are advanced under the rubric of "Liberalism."
In the Protocols of Zion, the Cabalist bankers say they must undermine "all collective identity except our own." The four legs of human identity are religion, race, nation and family.
They undermine family by sabotaging gender roles and the institution of marriage. They introduce "sexual liberation," "feminism," "gay rights" and "gay marriage" to destroy heterosexual norms and institutions. Who can deny they have done this? Who can deny they are the real "haters" spoiling the lives of millions?
They spin this as "progress," "social change," "freedom from repression," "independence." They make it seem spontaneous and grass roots when in fact it is contrived elite social engineering.
Who would attack the love between husband and wife by teaching women that men are rapists and marriage is "oppressive"? Satanists.
Who would deny that a woman needs the support of a husband to raise children? Satanists. (Forty per cent of children are born to single mothers in the USA today.)
Who would deny that a child needs to be raised by a loving mother not a "care-giver"? Satanists.
Who would deny a child the regular presence of a father? Satanists.
Who would redefine the institution of marriage, sacred to 98% of the population, to accommodate less than.5% ? Satanists.
Anyone who denies the existence of God and a natural and moral order has taken the first step to becoming a Satanist. Atheism is on the rise in the US.
The Satanist (i.e. Illuminati) goal is to turn the natural and moral order on its head, to somehow negate for humans the gender difference that defines the whole natural world. The goal is to thumb their nose at the Creator using every form of unnatural and depraved behavior.
Thus, they attack everything that is wholesome and natural, pure and good.
They practice and promote sickness, war, dysfunction and deviance for their own sake. They promote promiscuity, pedophilia, pornography, and eventually bestiality.
Just as a true Christian might practise his religion by doing good, they worship Satan by doing what is depraved.
They call it "changing the world." They are "change agents."
But is the world getting better?
No, because "changing the world" actually means change along satanic lines. That, to them, is the meaning of "progress."
Related- Makow - Liberal Jews, Sex & the New Satanic Order
One of the main justifications for Thaler's and Sunstein's endorsement of libertarian paternalism in Nudge draws on facts of human nature and psychology. The book is critical of the homo economicus view of human beings "that each of us thinks and chooses unfailingly well, and thus fits within the textbook picture of human beings offered by economists."
Two systems of thought
The book describes two systems that characterize human thought. Sunstein and Thaler refer to these as the "Reflective System" and the "Automatic System".The Automatic System is "rapid and is or feels instinctive, and it does not involve what we usually associate with the word thinking". Instances of the Automatic System at work include smiling upon seeing a puppy, getting nervous while experiencing air turbulence, and ducking when a ball is thrown at you.
Fallacies and biases
Because of these differences and conflicts between these systems, people are often subject to making mistakes that are the result of widely occurring biases, heuristics, and fallacies. These include:
Sunstein and Thaler use their notions of nudges within the context of choice architecture to propose policy recommendations that they believe are in the spirit of libertarian paternalism. They have recommendations in the areas of finance, health, the environment, schools, and marriage. They believe these problems can at least be partially addressed by improving the choice architecture.
Thaler and Sunstein point out that many Americans are not saving enough for retirement. They state that "in 2005 the personal savings rate for Americans was negative for the first time since 1932 and 1933 - the Great Depression years".
The book contains an analysis of the Bush administration program Medicare Part D. Thaler and Sunstein state that "on some dimensions Bush was on the right track" with the plan, but that, "as a piece of choice architecture...it suffered from a cumbersome design that impeded good decision making". Specifically, they think that default choices for programs should not have been random, and that beneficiaries of the program were not given adequate resources to deal with the number of choices they were faced with. They think that seniors who did not sign up for a program should have one assigned to them, and that, yearly, they should be mailed an itemized list of all drugs they had used and all of the fees they incurred. This information would be freely available online, where beneficiaries could easily compare their programs with other similar ones.
George Will, in a review for Newsweek magazine, stated that "nudges have the additional virtue of annoying those busybody, nanny-state liberals who, as the saying goes, do not care what people do as long as it is compulsory".
- Princeton Review has selected it as the one of the colleges with the Most Religious Students.
- It ranks number 10 as one of the Best Bible Colleges in the country.
- Huffington Post mentioned that it is one of the Most Radical Schools, and...
- It's known as one of America's Cheapest Colleges.
- Lastly, it was recognized as one of the John Templeton Foundation's Honor Roll of Character-Building.
A little less known fact is that William Harrison Taylor, a co- founder of Nabisco, had a son that was in Skull and Bones, Yale Class of 1902. We don't know what involvement Alan McLean Taylor had with the company or the possible contact with the School of the Ozarks, but it is still a fact.
The Freemasons had a vested interest in the interdenominational aspects of this school, since its hope was to orchestrate change within the Church. Since the school was proposed to be interdenominational years ago, it accepted the Ecumenical teachings of unity between denominations. The aim of this type of physical unity is misleading sincere Christians into a counterfeit unity. This is not the unity of the Spirit, or the spiritual oneness of the Body of Christ. The Ecumenical Movement is an unholy organizational union between the wheat and the tares. The True Church is composed of only the born-again, blood-washed Christians whose names are written in the Lamb's Book of Life.
After a student has spent four years at College of the Ozarks, they can be expected to be adequately indoctrinated into the Global Church. And since they were taught the revised view of American history, these sincere sheeple would then give their support to the globalist Third Way (Republican Party), thus supporting the Fascist side of American politics.
Not only are the visits meant to encourage each students patriotic duty to vote for the Republican candidate, but it also has significance to the Masonic leadership at the school. One of the rites of passage within the Scottish Rite is to meet other famous and powerful Freemasons at each leg of the journey. Perhaps this is the reason why college presidents want to document their journey with their Masonic VIPs.
Although there is no solid proof that Dr. Jerry Davis is a Mason, he supports the political agenda of the school.
- Montague Graham Clark, Jr. served as president of School of the Ozarks and was president emeritus and chairman of the board emeritus of College of the Ozarks until 2001. He was ordained a minister in the Presbyterian Church, U. S. A. in 1950, and served as vice-president of the school from 1946–1952, then as president between 1952 through 1981. Dr. Clark is most noted for gaining regional accreditation for both the two-year and four-year college programs.
He was a member of the Sons of the Revolution - an organization that uses the symbol of the Maltese Cross; the same one used by the secret society Knights of Malta, whose official head is the Pope.
Since there is no medical statements provided concerning his eyesight in his old age, we don't know for sure if his patch is a sign of his Illuminati involvement. Seems that this distinguished man could have found a modern way to protect his eye.
"Behold, I send you forth as sheep in the midst of wolves: be ye therefore wise as serpents, and harmless as doves."
Sliding Down the Communitarian Slope